Sapphire Color

One of the most sought-after gemstones, the sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum available in a multitude of brilliant colors. While royal blue is the colour that typically comes to mind when dreaming of the sapphire, sapphires are also available in white (colorless), green, yellow, orange, champagne, pink, purple, brown, gray, and black. The rarest sapphire, the padparadscha sapphire is a delicate mix of orange and pink. Each colour offers varying hues which subtly differentiate each gemstone and mark its uniqueness. Blue sapphires, for example, can range from green-blue to lilac-blue, where the strongest colour presence is listed second. Additionally, the tone of the sapphire colour can also vary, from sky-blue to midnight-blue, for example.

As with most precious gemstones, the quality of a sapphire’s colour is determined by a combination of its hue, tone, and colour saturation. At Gemdaia, we ethically source sapphires directly from local mines and examine each gemstone thoroughly to ensure you received the highest quality and best colour brilliance available.

Sapphire Carat Weight

The carat weight of sapphires is typically compared to the better-known carat weight of diamonds but, because carat weight also takes into account the density of the gemstone—and sapphires are more dense than diamonds—the equivalent sapphire size of a one carat diamond is smaller in appearance. For this reason it’s best to determine a sapphire’s size in millimeters, whereby a 1 carat round sapphire is approximately 6 mm in diameter. Most sapphires weigh less than 5 carats and their carat size directly impacts their price. Sapphires larger than 5 carats are considered extremely rare.

Sapphire Cut

In their original form, sapphires are usually found in spindle-shaped pyramids or barrel-like shapes, which influences the shape in which sapphires are cut. Our expert gemstone cutters always consider the best cut for each individual sapphire, so as to maximize their colour and minimize the presence of inclusions. For this reason, the cut of a sapphire differs from that of a diamond. While sapphires are absolutely available in many of the popular diamond shapes, there is no ideal cut for sapphires, instead its based on each sapphires unique properties. Well-cut sapphires exude luster and natural brilliance.

Sapphire Clarity

Due to the formation of sapphires in an environment rich in trace minerals, which easily become trapped in the gemstone and form what’s known as tiny inclusions, the clarity of sapphires is not graded in the same way as diamonds. Most sapphires will have inclusions but, because of their brilliant colour, such characteristics are often difficult to pinpoint and, in many cases, unnoticeable to the naked eye. At Gemdaia we only source the highest clarity sapphires available to provide you with the best value for your investment.

Sapphire Origins

The sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum and consists of aluminium oxide with a number of trace minerals. Corundum forms in igneous rock as magma cools.

Sapphires originate in a number of countries, including Australia, Burma, Cambodia, Kashmir, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and the United States. While the most popular varieties of sapphires are sourced from Burma, Kashmir, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka, we have cultivated partnerships with mines across the globe who practice ethical standards, in order to find you the sapphire that meets your specific requests.

Sapphire Meaning

Considered the stone of wisdom, good fortune, and protection, the sapphire is believed to open the mind to beauty and foster faith, and intuition. Acting as a channel that connects you to an angelic realm, sapphires are known to have special holistic properties that promote spiritual truth and healing. The sapphire is also believed to be the gemstone upon which the Ten Commandments were written, and is commonly associated with royalty. Ancient Greeks and Romans wore sapphires for protection and to bring peace.

The sapphire is the birthstone of the month of September and the gemstone of 5th and 45th anniversaries.

Sapphire Durability

Highly durable and resistant to chips and fractures, with a rating of 9 on the Mohs hardness scale, the sapphire is second only in hardness to the diamond. With a trigonal crystal system, a refractive index of between 1.76 and 1.78, and a melting point of 2040 degrees celsius, sapphires are remarkably tough and excellent gemstones for daily wear. That said, all gemstones should be handled with the utmost care to ensure their brilliance and longevity.

Sapphire Enhancements

The majority of sapphires today have been heat-treated to intensify their colour consistency and improve their clarity. The heating process also helps to remove any noticeable inclusions, which results in a clearer, more transparent aesthetic. While natural, unheated sapphires are available, they are very rare and therefore more costly, and heat-treated sapphires are equally accepted, commonly traded, and considered natural as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, the sapphire is the birthstone of the month of September.

Sapphires are found around the world, most notably in Australia, Burma, Cambodia, Kashmir, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and the United States.

Sapphires are made from aluminium oxide and a number of trace minerals. They are a mineral corundum and form in igneous rock as magma cools.

Sapphires represent wisdom and good fortune. They are believed to offer protection and open the mind to beauty, faith, and intuition.

While there are many suggestions on how to determine if a sapphire is real, the best way to ensure authenticity is to purchase sapphires from reputable dealers who have expert gemologists examine each gemstone. All Gemdaia gemstones come with a certificate of authenticity, so you are guaranteed a real, high-quality sapphire.

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